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The first in a series of courses that covers one of the four main primers of the Hanafi school; Imam Nasafi's Kanz al-Daqa‘iq. It gathers issues from several of the key works of the school to summarize its issues. The purpose of this class is to consolidate previous foundations on the subject and to deepen one's understanding of the rulings of transactions, covering the chapters of what constitutes a sale, the rulings related to usury, forward transactions, currency exchange and more.

Imam Muhammad al-Shaybani was once asked, "Why have you not written anything on asceticism (zuhd)?" And he replied, "I have written on the rulings of transactions." Knowing the rulings of transactions allows one to be more God-conscious through being mindful when dealing with other people.

The outcomes of this course are to clearly know the rulings related to financial transactions at an intermediate level and consolidate one’s previous study of the subject.

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Short Intro: This course covers the rulings related to financial transactions at an intermediate level and consolidates one’s previous study of the subject. It is based on one of the core primers of the Hanafi school, Kanz al-Daqa’iq, by Imam Nasafi.
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Skill Level: Beginner
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About the text:

This course is based on Imam Abu Barakat al-Nasafi's Kanz al-Daqa’iq, referred to by many as the greatest of the summary works (Mukhtasarat) in the Hanafi school. This work is very precise, nuanced, terse, yet very comprehensive.

The Kanz is a summary of another of the author's works, the Wafi, an advanced text in the Hanafi school. The Kanz is not a beginner text, as it can be difficult to understand and grasp at times; this highlights the importance of a study of another primer prior to the study of the Kanz, the Kanz builds on previous foundations.

The Kanz has many great and important commentaries (shuruh), such as Tabyin al-Haqa’iq of Zayla‘i’, al-Bahr al-Ra’iq of Zayn ibn Nujaym (which also has the marginalia of Ibn ‘Abidin called Minha al-Khaliq), al-Nahr al-Fa’iq of ‘Umar ibn Nujaym and many more. Later works in the school, such as the Tanwir al-Absar of Imam Tumurtashi, were built upon the Kanz—a further proof of the deep influence and importance of Imam Nasafi’s Kanz al-Daqa’iq.

The commentary referenced in this class will be the commentary of Munla Miskin with the marginalia of Abu al-Su‘ud al-Husyni al-Misri.

About the Author:

Imam Abdullah ibn Ahmad ibn Mahmud al-Nasafi was among the greatest Hanafi imams of his time, hailing from Nasaf in modern-day Uzbekistan. He authored major contributions in Hanafi law (fiqh), legal theory (usul al-fiqh), tenets of faith (‘aqida) and exegesis (tafsir).

It is related that when Imam Nasafi intended to write a commentary on the Hidaya, the crown jewel of the Hanafi school, a great scholar - Taj al-Shari‘a, heard of Imam Nasafi’s intention and said, “This [writing a commentary on the Hidaya], does not befit his stature.”

Hearing this, Imam Nasafi instead wrote a work to rival the Hidaya, the Wafi, and then commented on it, the Kafi — and it was as if Imam Nasafi wrote a great commentary on the Hidaya! Imam Nasafi then summarized his Wafi into a very terse and very precise work, the Kanz.

His work in legal theory, al-Manar, is a foundational work in the Hanafi school with many great commentaries written on it, such as Kashf al-Asrar, Nur al-Anwar (which has the marginalia Qamr al-Aqmar), Fath al-Ghaffar, Ifada al-Anwar (which has the marginalia by Ibn ‘Abidin called Nasamat al-Ashar) and more.

He is also renowned outside the school, particularly for his Quranic exegesis, Madarik al-Tanzil.

He died in 710 AH / 1299 CE in Baghdad.

Who is this course for:
  • This is an intermediate level class in Hanafi fiqh (Level Three) of the Seekers Islamic Studies Curriculum.
  • Students are expected to have completed the equivalent of the Level One and Two requirements in Hanafi fiqh–such as having completed Quduri’s Mukhtasar, or Mawsili’s Mukhtar under a teacher.
  • For students without this, we recommend that they begin with Level One, then Level Two of the Islamic Studies Curriculum.
  • It is particularly beneficial for advanced students of Hanafi Law
  • It is a Level Three course. In order to successfully complete this course, students should either take the Mukhtasar al-Quduri course or the Mukhtar al-Mawsili course.
  • This course can also be taken by anyone who is interested in supplementing their understanding of advanced Hanafi Law.
  • It is particularly beneficial for advanced students of Hanafi Law
Learning outcomes:
  • Know the rulings related to transactions at an intermediate level
  • Clearly understand the rulings related to transactions
  • Complete the study of intermediate work in the Hanafi school
  • Be primed to study the advanced works of the Hanafi school of law
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