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Instructor: Anas Izzat Agha

Level: one


Course Overview

This course is suitable for beginners in morphology, who want to use it to understand the Quran and Sunnah.

The author of the book is the erudite scholar, Shaykh Al-Azhari Haroun Abdul Raziq, one of the prominent scholars of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

The textbook is one of the best books in morphology because it elucidates the most important morphological rules for beginners.

Through this course, the student will be able to understand how Arabic words are formed and use this knowledge to understand speech accurately, especially the Holy Quran and the Noble Sunnah.

This course is an explanation of one of the instrumental Islamic sciences, therefore, one must study this before taking courses on the sciences of maqasid (aims of Islam) such as jurisprudence and exegesis of the Quran...

The outcome of this course will show the student that it is an important tool in the analysis of legal discourse. It will therefore bring great benefit in correctly acquiring knowledge of jurisprudence, exegesis, and other sciences

This course seeks to examines and elucidate the forms and meanings of Arabic words, and how words can be affected by changes in form and in meaning.


About the Text

This book "The Epitome of Elegance in the Art of Morphology" teaches the novice basic morphology and lists its basic and most important principles.

This book deals with the conjugation of verbs and the changes that affect nouns - and the changes that are common to both - and above all, it provides basic introductions to the definition of this science and its foundational principles.

This book is important, because it has been adopted by many Islamic institutes today, and has been expounded on by several professors and scholars.

It is one of the books recommended by contemporary linguists to start learning this science because it can provide what is necessary to know for beginners in morphology.

This book is aimed at beginners, therefore, it is suitable for our introductory level offering.

I have written a commentary on this book to clarify some vague short expressions, to supplement the examples given in it, to provide extra necessary principles, and to point out some of the mistakes present in the book which naturally occur in any book written by man. This commentary is very important and must be used alongside the teaching of this book.


About the Author

- Harun Abdul Razeq.

- Birth: 1823. Death: 1918.

The author is one of the scholars who had a major impact in facilitating the Arabic sciences to students of knowledge. This is undoubtedly an aid in facilitating morphology for beginners.

The author (may Allah have mercy on him) was famous for teaching the Arabic sciences in primary and secondary schools and for compiling simpler textbooks in the sciences of the Arabic language to make them accessible and easier to understand for younger students.

The epitome of elegance in the art of morphology, The beauty of form in the arts of eloquence, Beneficial principles in correcting one’s reading.

One of the most distinct features of the Shaykh - may Allah have mercy on him - is that he was one of the founders of the Council of Senior Scholars in Egypt, and that he participated with Ali Pasha in the authorship of "Conciliatory plans", along with his tireless efforts and high enthusiasm for teaching.


Who is This Course For

• The course is suitable for young people who are proficient in reading and writing, and want to study Islamic sciences.

• This course is aimed at anyone who wants to study the sciences of Islam and understand them correctly.

• This is the first course of the Mastering Arabic Program. The student must be proficient in reading and writing Arabic well and have completed course 903 from the Learning Arabic Curriculum.

• This course is open to anyone who wants to expand their understanding of the Arabic language, who wants to understand the changes in Arabic word forms, and wants to benefit from recognizing the superiority of this honorable language.


Learning outcomes

• Be able to discern and understand the main principles of morphology.

• To know the terminology used in this science.

• To distinguish between different Arabic word forms and know their impact on speech.

• Understand the impact of the morphological forms in creating the general meaning of text.

• Use a root word in Arabic and find its derivatives in a practical way.

• To benefit from this course by acquiring a preliminary understanding of other sciences.


Lesson Outline

Lesson 1: Definition of morphology

Lesson 2: Morphological patterns

Lesson 3: Verb structures

Lesson 4: Extra letters- the meaning of derivation and types of derivatives

Lesson 5: Verbal nouns, and the verbal nouns of one instance and one form

Lesson 6: Three letter root words

Lesson 7: Three letter and four letter root verbs

Lesson 8: Sound verbs and doubled verbs

Lesson 9: Verbs with hamza and weak verbs

Lesson 10: The third type of weak verb and verbs with two weak letters

Lesson 11: Verbs with pronouns and the passive verb

Lesson 12: Verbs with the emphatic ‘nun‘

Lesson 13: The fixed verb and the derived verb

Lesson 14: Noun of preference, time, place and tools

Lesson 15: Masculine and feminine and their duals

Lesson 16: The Sound Masculine plural, the Femine Sound plural, and the Broken plural

Lesson 17: Diminution

Lesson 18: Attribution

Lesson 19: The substitution of one letter for another

Lesson 20: The omission of a weak letter or placing a ‘sukun‘ on it

Lesson 21: The presence of two sukuns in a row, the eliding hamza, and the rules of stopping and


Study effort

Pre-requisites: Completion of course (903) from the Learning Arabic Curriculum or native Arabic speaker

Weekly hours recommended: Three hours a week outside of class time

Recommended reading/ Supplementary texts: "Ithaf al-Tarf fi `Ilm al-Sarf" by Yassin Al-Hafez, Nuzha Al-Tarf by Ibn Hisham, and "Ihsan al-Ta`rif bi `Ilm al-Tasrif" by Anas Ezzat Agha, and “Sharh Matn al-`Izzi“.

Evaluation method: A Quiz after each lesson, and a final exam


About The Instructor

Anas Ezzat Agha. is a Syrian and Turkish national, who holds a Bachelor's degree in the Arabic sciences from the Department of Arabic Language at the University of Aleppo. He is currently pursuing a post-graduate degree in Turkey. He has several publications in the Arabic language sciences, including “ Ihsan al-Ta`rif bi `ilm al-tasrif, and Fath al-Abwab lil-mubtadi’een bi-`ilm al-i`rab.

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Short Intro: Knowing how to recognize and form words is the scope of the science of Morphology. For the beginner student in morphology to understand how Arabic words 'morphing' and changing in form affect their meaning.
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What You Will Learn:

  • Distinguish between true religious knowledge that is beneficial and ostensibly religious knowledge that is not
  • Identify instances of the sins of the limbs (particularly those of the tongue)
  • Identify instances of the sins of the heart
  • Complete a regimen of protecting your tongue from sin
  • Improve your character with your teachers, relatives, friends, and strangers
  • Appreciate the spiritual value of good company

Skill Level: Beginner
Monday: No
Tuesday: No
Wednesday: No
Thursday: No
Friday: No
Saturday: No
Sunday: No
Self enrolment AUTO (Student)